Definition

Fast Guide to acronyms used in manufacturing

These acronyms are often used in internal communications within a manufacturing environment.

7W: Seven Wastes

ABB: Activity-Based Budgeting

ABC: Activity-Based Costing

ABM: Activity-Based Management

ABVS: Automated Best Value System

ACV: All Commodity Volume

ADC: Automated Data Collection

ADE: Automated Data Entry

ADP: Automatic Data Processing

AIDC: Automatic Identification and Data Capture

AIM: Application Integration Middleware

AIMS: Agile Infrastructure for Manufactured Systems

AMT: Advanced Manufacturing Technology

AMT: Association for Manufacturing Technology

AOI: Automated Optical Inspection

AP: Accounts Payable

APICS: American Production and Inventory Control Society

APO: Advanced Planner and Optimizer

APQP: Advanced Product Quality Planning

APS: Advanced Planning and Scheduling

APS: Advanced Planning Systems

AR: Accounts Receivable

ASN: Advanced Shipping Notice

ASQ: American Society for Quality

ASRS: Automated Storage Retrieval Systems

ASTM: American Society for Testing and Materials

ATE: Automated Test Equipment

ATR: Automated Trouble Reporting

ATO: Assemble To Order

ATP: Advanced Technology Program

ATP: Available To Promise

AXI: Automated X-ray Inspection

AVL: Approved Vendor List

BAM: Bottleneck Allocation Methodology

BIC: Best In Class

BIST: Built In Self-Test

BMP: Best Manufacturing Practices

BOH: Balance On Hand

BOM: Bill Of Materials

BPEL: Business Process Execution Language

BPMN: Business Process Modeling Notation

BPR: Business Process Reengineering

BTF: Build To Forecast

BTO: Build To Order

BTS: Build To Stock

B2B: Business to Business

B2C: Business To Consumer

CAD: Computer-Aided Design

CAE: Computer-Aided Engineering

CAFE: Corporate Average Fuel Economy

CAGR: Compound Annual Growth Rate

CAIV: Cost As (An) Independent Variable

CALS: Continuous Acquisition and Life-Cycle Support

CALS: Commerce At Light Speed

CAM: Computer-Aided Manufacturing

CAM: Customer Asset Management

CAM-I: Consortium for Advanced Manufacturing -- International

CAMU: Computerized Assembly Mock Up

CAPOSS: Capacity Planning and Operation Sequence Scheduling

CASA: Computer and Automated Systems Association

CASE: Computer-Aided System Engineering

CBSA: Component Based Solution Assembly

CBT: Computer-Based Training

CCB: Change Control Board

CCM: Color Changing Material

CCR: Central Contractor Registration

CEMS: Contract Electronic Manufacturing Services

CERCLA: Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation and Litigation Act

CFAR: Collaboration Forecasting and Replenishment

CFD: Computational Fluid Dynamics

CFI: Custom Factory Integration

CFM: Continuous Flow Manufacturing

CG: Consumer Goods

CGMP: Current Good Manufacturing Practices

CI: Continuous Improvement

CIDM: Customer-Integrated Decision Making

CIPE: Compressed Integrated Product Engineering

CLASS: Capacity Loading and Operation Sequence Scheduling

CLM: Council For Logistics Management

CM: Contract Manufacturer

CM: Change Management

CM: Configuration Management

CMRP: Capacitated Material Requirements Planning

CNC: Computer Numerical Control

COA: Continuous Ordering Agreement

COB: Chip On Board

CAFC: Container on Flatcar

COB: Close of Business

COGS: Cost of Goods Sold

COO: Cost of Ownership

COS: Class of Service

COTS: Commercial Off The Shelf

CP: Cost Performance

CPIM: Certified in Production and Inventory Management

CPM: Certified Purchasing Manager

CPPS: Cost Performance Products Sector

CQA: Certified Quality Auditor

CQE: Certified Quality Engineer

CRC: Cyclic Redundancy Check

CRM: Customer Relationship Management

CRP: Capacity Requirements Planning

CRP: Continuous Replenishment Program

CRT: Current Reality Tree

CSBB: Client Side Browser Based

CSI: Customer Satisfaction Index

CSP: Commerce Service Provider

CTE: Committee on Trade and the Environment

CTG: Council for Trade in Goods

CTO: Configure To Order

CTP: Capability To Promise

DAMA: Design Anywhere Manufacture Anywhere

DAQ: Data Acquisition

DBMS: Database Management System

DC: Distribution Center

DCS: Distributed Control System

DDE: Dynamic Data Exchange

DEM: Dynamic Enterprise Modeling

DES: Distributed Execution System

DFA: Design For Assembly

DFAA: Design for Automated Assembly

DFB: Distributed Feedback

DFD: Design For Disassembly

DFE: Design For Environment

DFL: Demand Flow Leadership

DFM: Demand Flow Management

DFM: Demand Flow Manufacturing

DFM: Design For Manufacturability

DFS: Distributed Factory System

DFSC: Design For Supply Chain

DFT: Demand Flow Technology

DMD: Direct Metal Deposition

DMI: Digital Migration Interface

DNC: Direct Numerical Control

DOC: Department Of Commerce

DOD: Department Of Defense

DOE: Department Of Energy

DOE: Design Of Experiments

DOL: Department Of Labor

DOLAP: Desktop OnLine Analytical Processing

DP: Design Postponement

DRC: Design Rule Checking

DRP: Distribution Requirements Planning

DSB: Dispute Settlement Body

DSC: Digital Still Camera

DSO: Days Sale Outstanding

DSOM: Distributed System Object Model

DSP: Digital Signal Processor

DSRP: Demand Solutions Requirements Planning

DSS: Decision Support System

DTP: Distributed Transaction Processing

DUT: Device Under Test

DVD: Digital Video Disk

DW: Data Warehousing

EAI: External Application Interface

EBR: Electronic Batch Record

EBXML: Electronic Business XML

EC: Electronic Commerce

EC: Engineering Change

ECC: Error Correction Code

ECM: Engineering Change Management

ECN: Electronic Change Notice

ECO: Engineering (or Electronic) Change Order

ECR: Efficient Consumer Response

ECR: Engineering Change Request

ECRC: Electronic Commerce Resource Center

EDA: Electronic Document Access

EDA: Electronic Design Automation

EDA: Engineering Design Aids

EDGAR: Electronic Data Gathering, Analysis and Retrieval

EDI: Electronic Data Interchange

EDIFACT: Electronic Data Interchange for Administration, Commerce and Transport

EDM: Electronic Discharge Machine

EDM: Electronic Data Management

EDMS: Engineering Document Management Systems

EEOC: Equal Employment Opportunity Commission

EES: Engineering Execution Systems

EFI: Electronic Freight Invoice

EFT: Electronic Funds Transfer

EIC: Earned Income Credit

EIS: Executive Information System

EISA: Extended Industry Standard Architecture

ELV: End of Life Vehicle

EMAS: Eco-Management and Audit Scheme

EMI: Early Manufacturing Involvement

EMS: Effective Management Systems

EMS: Enhanced Messaging Service

EMS: Environmental Management System

EMS: Electronic Manufacturing Services

E&O: Excess and Obsolete

EOQ: Economic Order Quantity

ERA: Electronic Remittance Advice

ERC: Engineering Research Center

ERP: Enterprise Resource Planning

ERS: Evaluated Receipt Settlement

ESE: Environmentally Sustainable Electronics

ETM: Enterprise Transportation Management

ETO: Engineer To Order

ETP: Enterprise Transportation Planning

EV: Electric Vehicle

EVA: Economic Value Added

EVM: Earned Value Management

EZ/EC: Empowerment Zone/Enterprise Community

FA: Flexible Automation

FAS: Final Assembly Schedule

FASAB: Federal Accounting Standards Advisory Board

FBE: Framework Based Environment

FCA: Flip Chip Assembly

FCP: Finite Capacity Planning

FCS: Finite Capacity Scheduling

FDI: Foreign Direct Investment

FEM: Finite Elements Method

FIFO: First In, First Out

FIP: Factory Information Protocol

FIS: Factory Information System

FLSA: Fair Labor Standards Act

FMEA: Failure Mode and Effective Analysis

FMS: Flexible Manufacturing System

FP: Finite Planning

FPDS: Federal Procurement Data System

FPI: Federal Prison Industries

FPT: Fine Pitch Technology

FRA: Federal Railroad Administration

FROG: Free Roaming On Grid

FRT: Future Reality Tree

FRU: Field Replaceable Units

FSAN: Full Services Access Network

FTA: Federal Transit Authority

GAAP: Generally Accepted Accounting Principles

GAO: General Accounting Office

GATT: General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade

GATS: General Agreement on Trade in Services

GDP: Gross Domestic Product

GEM: Generic Equipment Model

GMP: Good Manufacturing Practices

GMROI: Gross Margin Return on Investment

HASA: Highly Accelerated Stress Audit

HH: Hand Held

HMD: Head Mounted Display

HMI: Human Machine Interface

HP: High Performance

HPC: High Performance Computing

HPPS: High Performance Product Sector

HPV: High Production Volume

HR: Human Resources

HRM: Human Resource Management

HSM: Hierarchical Storage Management

HUD: Heads Up Display

IDIS: Integrated Disbursement and Information System

IG: Inspector General

IMCS: Inventory Management and Control System

IMT: International Mobile Telephone

IMTI: Integrated Manufacturing Technology Initiative

IMS: Intelligent Manufacturing Systems

I/O: Input Output

IPC: Institute for Interconnecting and Packaging Electronic Circuits

IPPD: Integrated Product and Process Development

IPR: Intellectual Property Rights

IPS: In-Plan Switching

IPT: Integrated Product Team

IRI: Industrial Research Institute

IRM: Integrated Resource Management

IS: Information System

ISO: International Standards Organization

ISV: Independent Software Vendor

ITA: Information Technology Agreement

ITAC: International Telework Association and Council

ITS: Intelligent Transportation System

ITSS: Information Technology Solutions Shop

ITU: International Technical Union

JIT: Just In Time

KBE: Knowledge-Based Engineering

KGD: Known Good Die

KPI: Key Performance Indicator

LC: Low Cost

LCA: Life Cycle Assessment

LCC: Leadless Chip Carrier

LCCA: Life Cycle Cost Analysis

LCL: Less Than Container Load

LCPC: Life Cycle Product Cost

LMDS: Local Multi-Point Distribution System

LNA: Local Noise Amplifier

LP: Lean Production

LSI: Large Scale Integration

LTL: Less Than Truckload

LVS: Layout Verification Systems

MADE: Manufacturing Automation and Design Exploration

MC: Mass Customization

MCS: Manufacturing Control System

MEMS: Micro-Electromechanical Systems

MEP: Manufacturing Extension Partnership

MES: Manufacturing Execution System 

MESA: Manufacturing Execution System Association

MMI: Man Machine Interface

MOU: Memorandum Of Understanding

MPS: Master Production Schedule

MRP: Manufacturing Resource Planning

MRP: Material Requirements Planning

M&S: Modeling and Simulation

MSDS: Material Safety Data Sheet

MTO: Make To Order

MTS: Make To Stock

MTTR: Mean Time To Restore

MV: machine vision

NCMS: National Center for Manufacturing Sciences

NIST: National Institute of Standards and Technology

NMTA: National Machining and Tooling Association

NPI: New Product Introduction

NRLA: National Labor Relations Board

NTR: Normal Trade Relations

OASIS: Organization for the Advancement of Structured Information Standards

OCC: Office of the Comptroller of the Currency

ODM: Original Design Manufacturer

ODM: Original Device Manufacturer

ODS: Ozone Depleting Substance

OECD: Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development

OEE: Original Equipment Effectiveness

OEM: Original Equipment Manufacturer

OFPP: Office of Federal Procurement Policy

OLTP: OnLine Transaction Processing

OMB: Office of Management and Budget

OOP: Out Of Production

OPC: OLE for Process Control

OPT: Optimized Production Technology

OSHA: Occupational Safety and Health Administration 

OTC: On-Time delivery to Commit date

OTCR: On-Time delivery performance to Customer Request Date

PA: Power Amplifier

PAC: Production Activity Control

PBT: Persistent, Bioaccumulative and Toxic

PDM: Product Data Management

PI: Principal Investigator

PID: Problem Identification Document

PIM: Product Information Management

PIP: Partner Integration Process

PLM: Product Lifecycle Management

POM: Production/Operations Management

POS: Point of Sale

PP&E: Property, Plant & Equipment

PR: Process Reengineering

PRONet: Procurement Marketing and Access Network

PRT: Prerequisite Tree

PTAC: Procurement Technical Assistance Center

PTO: Patent and Trademark Office

QA: Quality Assurance

QB: Quality Breakdown

QC: Quality Control

QFP: Quad Flat Package

QRM: Quick Response Manufacturing

RAP: Revenue Acquisition Process

R&D: Research and Development

RDF: Resource Description Framework

RDT&E: Research, Development, Testing & Evaluation

RMA: Return Material (or Merchandise) Authorization

ROI: Return On Investment

ROIC: Return On Invested Capital

RONA: Return On Net Assets

ROP: Reorder Point

RPM: Rapid Response Manufacturing

RSC: Retail Service Center

RTD: Research and Technical Development

RTM: Read The Manual

SCC: Supply Chain Council

SCM: Supply Chain Management

SCOR: Supply Chain Operations Reference

SCR: Synchronized Customer Response

SDWT: Self-Directed Work Teams

SEC: Securities and Exchange Commission

SFA: Sales Force Automation

SG&A: Selling, General and Administrative Expenses

SIG: Special Interest Group

SIV: Signal Integrity Verification

SKU: Stock Keeping Units

SLICE: Simple Low-Cost Innovative Engine

SMART: Self-Monitoring Analysis and Reporting Technology

SME: Society of Manufacturing Engineers

S&OP: Sales and Operations Planning

SOP: Standard Operating Procedure

SOP: System On a Package

SOW: Statement of Work

SPC: Statistical Process Control

SPM: Standard Process Modules

SPS: Standard Procurement System

SRM: Standard Reference Material

STARS: Standard Accounting and Reporting System

STEP: Standard for the Exchange of Product model data

SWIFT: Simulated Work Input and Flow Time

SWOT: Strengths, Weakness, Opportunity and Threats Analysis

TACT: Total Average Cycle Time

TCM: Time Critical Manufacturing

TCM: Transportation Control Measures

TDC: Total Delivered Cost

TDM: Team Data Manager

TEWE: Technology for Enterprise-Wide Engineering

TIG: Technology Implementation Group

TIM: Test Inspection Measurement

TLA: Three Letter Acronym

T&M: Tools and Methodology

TOPS: Team Oriented Problem Solving

TPA: Technology and Product Assurance

TPI: Total Profit Improvement

TPM: Total Productive Maintenance

TPOP: Time-Phased Order Point

TQC: Total Quality Control

TQM: Total Quality Management

T/R: Transmit/Receive

TRI: Toxic Release Inventory

TRT: Transition Tree

TSCA: Toxic Substances Control Act

TVA: Throughput Value Added

TW: Tin Whiskers

TWG: Technology Working Group

UC: Unit Cost

USITC: United States International Trade Commission

VAD: Value Added Distribution

VAR: Value-Added Reseller

VE: Value Engineering

VFIIP: Virtual Factory Information Interchange Project

VMI: Vendor Managed Inventory

VPDM: Virtual Product Data Management

VPM: Virtual Product Model

VRML: Virtual Reality Modeling Language

WARN: Workers' Adjustment and Retraining Notification Act

WBS: Work Breakdown Structure

WCM: World Class Manufacturing

WIMP: Woefully Inept Manufacturing Process

WIP: Work in Progress

WMS: Warehouse Management System

WTO: World Trade Organization

7W: Seven Wastes

ABB: Activity-Based Budgeting

ABC: Activity-Based Costing

ABM: Activity-Based Management

ABVS: Automated Best Value System

ACV: All Commodity Volume

ADC: Automated Data Collection

ADE: Automated Data Entry

ADP: Automatic Data Processing

AIDC: Automatic Identification and Data Capture

AIM: Application Integration Middleware

AIMS: Agile Infrastructure for Manufactured Systems

AMT: Advanced Manufacturing Technology

AMT: Association for Manufacturing Technology

AOI: Automated Optical Inspection

AP: Accounts Payable

APICS: American Production and Inventory Control Society

APO: Advanced Planner and Optimizer

APQP: Advanced Product Quality Planning

APS: Advanced Planning and Scheduling

APS: Advanced Planning Systems

AR: Accounts Receivable

ASN: Advanced Shipping Notice

ASQ: American Society for Quality

ASRS: Automated Storage Retrieval Systems

ASTM: American Society for Testing and Materials

ATE: Automated Test Equipment

ATR: Automated Trouble Reporting

ATO: Assemble To Order

ATP: Advanced Technology Program

ATP: Available To Promise

AXI: Automated X-ray Inspection

AVL: Approved Vendor List

BAM: Bottleneck Allocation Methodology

BIC: Best In Class

BIST: Built In Self-Test

BMP: Best Manufacturing Practices

BOH: Balance On Hand

BOM: Bill Of Materials

BPEL: Business Process Execution Language

BPMN: Business Process Modeling Notation

BPR: Business Process Reengineering

BTF: Build To Forecast

BTO: Build To Order

BTS: Build To Stock

B2B: Business to Business

B2C: Business To Consumer

CAD: Computer-Aided Design

CAE: Computer-Aided Engineering

CAFE: Corporate Average Fuel Economy

CAGR: Compound Annual Growth Rate

CAIV: Cost As (An) Independent Variable

CALS: Continuous Acquisition and Life-Cycle Support

CALS: Commerce At Light Speed

CAM: Computer-Aided Manufacturing

CAM: Customer Asset Management

CAM-I: Consortium for Advanced Manufacturing -- International

CAMU: Computerized Assembly Mock Up

CAPOSS: Capacity Planning and Operation Sequence Scheduling

CASA: Computer and Automated Systems Association

CASE: Computer-Aided System Engineering

CBSA: Component Based Solution Assembly

CBT: Computer-Based Training

CCB: Change Control Board

CCM: Color Changing Material

CCR: Central Contractor Registration

CEMS: Contract Electronic Manufacturing Services

CERCLA: Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation and Litigation Act

CFAR: Collaboration Forecasting and Replenishment

CFD: Computational Fluid Dynamics

CFI: Custom Factory Integration

CFM: Continuous Flow Manufacturing

CG: Consumer Goods

CGMP: Current Good Manufacturing Practices

CI: Continuous Improvement

CIDM: Customer-Integrated Decision Making

CIPE: Compressed Integrated Product Engineering

CLASS: Capacity Loading and Operation Sequence Scheduling

CLM: Council For Logistics Management

CM: Contract Manufacturer

CM: Change Management

CM: Configuration Management

CMRP: Capacitated Material Requirements Planning

CNC: Computer Numerical Control

COA: Continuous Ordering Agreement

COB: Chip On Board

CAFC: Container on Flatcar

COB: Close of Business

COGS: Cost of Goods Sold

COO: Cost of Ownership

COS: Class of Service

COTS: Commercial Off The Shelf

CP: Cost Performance

CPIM: Certified in Production and Inventory Management

CPM: Certified Purchasing Manager

CPPS: Cost Performance Products Sector

CQA: Certified Quality Auditor

CQE: Certified Quality Engineer

CRC: Cyclic Redundancy Check

CRM: Customer Relationship Management

CRP: Capacity Requirements Planning

CRP: Continuous Replenishment Program

CRT: Current Reality Tree

CSBB: Client Side Browser Based

CSI: Customer Satisfaction Index

CSP: Commerce Service Provider

CTE: Committee on Trade and the Environment

CTG: Council for Trade in Goods

CTO: Configure To Order

CTP: Capability To Promise

DAMA: Design Anywhere Manufacture Anywhere

DAQ: Data Acquisition

DBMS: Database Management System

DC: Distribution Center

DCS: Distributed Control System

DDE: Dynamic Data Exchange

DEM: Dynamic Enterprise Modeling

DES: Distributed Execution System

DFA: Design For Assembly

DFAA: Design for Automated Assembly

DFB: Distributed Feedback

DFD: Design For Disassembly

DFE: Design For Environment

DFL: Demand Flow Leadership

DFM: Demand Flow Management

DFM: Demand Flow Manufacturing

DFM: Design For Manufacturability

DFS: Distributed Factory System

DFSC: Design For Supply Chain

DFT: Demand Flow Technology

DMD: Direct Metal Deposition

DMI: Digital Migration Interface

DNC: Direct Numerical Control

DOC: Department Of Commerce

DOD: Department Of Defense

DOE: Department Of Energy

DOE: Design Of Experiments

DOL: Department Of Labor

DOLAP: Desktop OnLine Analytical Processing

DP: Design Postponement

DRC: Design Rule Checking

DRP: Distribution Requirements Planning

DSB: Dispute Settlement Body

DSC: Digital Still Camera

DSO: Days Sale Outstanding

DSOM: Distributed System Object Model

DSP: Digital Signal Processor

DSRP: Demand Solutions Requirements Planning

DSS: Decision Support System

DTP: Distributed Transaction Processing

DUT: Device Under Test

DVD: Digital Video Disk

DW: Data Warehousing

EAI: External Application Interface

EBR: Electronic Batch Record

EBXML: Electronic Business XML

EC: Electronic Commerce

EC: Engineering Change

ECC: Error Correction Code

ECM: Engineering Change Management

ECN: Electronic Change Notice

ECO: Engineering (or Electronic) Change Order

ECR: Efficient Consumer Response

ECR: Engineering Change Request

ECRC: Electronic Commerce Resource Center

EDA: Electronic Document Access

EDA: Electronic Design Automation

EDA: Engineering Design Aids

EDGAR: Electronic Data Gathering, Analysis and Retrieval

EDI: Electronic Data Interchange

EDIFACT: Electronic Data Interchange for Administration, Commerce and Transport

EDM: Electronic Discharge Machine

EDM: Electronic Data Management

EDMS: Engineering Document Management Systems

EEOC: Equal Employment Opportunity Commission

EES: Engineering Execution Systems

EFI: Electronic Freight Invoice

EFT: Electronic Funds Transfer

EIC: Earned Income Credit

EIS: Executive Information System

EISA: Extended Industry Standard Architecture

ELV: End of Life Vehicle

EMAS: Eco-Management and Audit Scheme

EMI: Early Manufacturing Involvement

EMS: Effective Management Systems

EMS: Enhanced Messaging Service

EMS: Environmental Management System

EMS: Electronic Manufacturing Services

E&O: Excess and Obsolete

EOQ: Economic Order Quantity

ERA: Electronic Remittance Advice

ERC: Engineering Research Center

ERP: Enterprise Resource Planning

ERS: Evaluated Receipt Settlement

ESE: Environmentally Sustainable Electronics

ETM: Enterprise Transportation Management

ETO: Engineer To Order

ETP: Enterprise Transportation Planning

EV: Electric Vehicle

EVA: Economic Value Added

EVM: Earned Value Management

EZ/EC: Empowerment Zone/Enterprise Community

FA: Flexible Automation

FAS: Final Assembly Schedule

FASAB: Federal Accounting Standards Advisory Board

FBE: Framework Based Environment

FCA: Flip Chip Assembly

FCP: Finite Capacity Planning

FCS: Finite Capacity Scheduling

FDI: Foreign Direct Investment

FEM: Finite Elements Method

FIFO: First In, First Out

FIP: Factory Information Protocol

FIS: Factory Information System

FLSA: Fair Labor Standards Act

FMEA: Failure Mode and Effective Analysis

FMS: Flexible Manufacturing System

FP: Finite Planning

FPDS: Federal Procurement Data System

FPI: Federal Prison Industries

FPT: Fine Pitch Technology

FRA: Federal Railroad Administration

FROG: Free Roaming On Grid

FRT: Future Reality Tree

FRU: Field Replaceable Units

FSAN: Full Services Access Network

FTA: Federal Transit Authority

GAAP: Generally Accepted Accounting Principles

GAO: General Accounting Office

GATT: General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade

GATS: General Agreement on Trade in Services

GDP: Gross Domestic Product

GEM: Generic Equipment Model

GMP: Good Manufacturing Practices

GMROI: Gross Margin Return on Investment

HASA: Highly Accelerated Stress Audit

HH: Hand Held

HMD: Head Mounted Display

HMI: Human Machine Interface

HP: High Performance

HPC: High Performance Computing

HPPS: High Performance Product Sector

HPV: High Production Volume

HR: Human Resources

HRM: Human Resource Management

HSM: Hierarchical Storage Management

HUD: Heads Up Display

IDIS: Integrated Disbursement and Information System

IG: Inspector General

IMCS: Inventory Management and Control System

IMT: International Mobile Telephone

IMTI: Integrated Manufacturing Technology Initiative

IMS: Intelligent Manufacturing Systems

I/O: Input Output

IPC: Institute for Interconnecting and Packaging Electronic Circuits

IPPD: Integrated Product and Process Development

IPR: Intellectual Property Rights

IPS: In-Plan Switching

IPT: Integrated Product Team

IRI: Industrial Research Institute

IRM: Integrated Resource Management

IS: Information System

ISO: International Standards Organization

ISV: Independent Software Vendor

ITA: Information Technology Agreement

ITAC: International Telework Association and Council

ITS: Intelligent Transportation System

ITSS: Information Technology Solutions Shop

ITU: International Technical Union

JIT: Just In Time

KBE: Knowledge-Based Engineering

KGD: Known Good Die

KPI: Key Performance Indicator

LC: Low Cost

LCA: Life Cycle Assessment

LCC: Leadless Chip Carrier

LCCA: Life Cycle Cost Analysis

LCL: Less Than Container Load

LCPC: Life Cycle Product Cost

LMDS: Local Multi-Point Distribution System

LNA: Local Noise Amplifier

LP: Lean Production

LSI: Large Scale Integration

LTL: Less Than Truckload

LVS: Layout Verification Systems

MADE: Manufacturing Automation and Design Exploration

MC: Mass Customization

MCS: Manufacturing Control System

MEMS: Micro-Electromechanical Systems

MEP: Manufacturing Extension Partnership

MES: Manufacturing Execution System 

MESA: Manufacturing Execution System Association

MMI: Man Machine Interface

MOU: Memorandum Of Understanding

MPS: Master Production Schedule

MRP: Manufacturing Resource Planning

MRP: Material Requirements Planning

M&S: Modeling and Simulation

MSDS: Material Safety Data Sheet

MTO: Make To Order

MTS: Make To Stock

MTTR: Mean Time To Restore

MV: machine vision

NCMS: National Center for Manufacturing Sciences

NIST: National Institute of Standards and Technology

NMTA: National Machining and Tooling Association

NPI: New Product Introduction

NRLA: National Labor Relations Board

NTR: Normal Trade Relations

OASIS: Organization for the Advancement of Structured Information Standards

OCC: Office of the Comptroller of the Currency

ODM: Original Design Manufacturer

ODM: Original Device Manufacturer

ODS: Ozone Depleting Substance

OECD: Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development

OEE: Original Equipment Effectiveness

OEM: Original Equipment Manufacturer

OFPP: Office of Federal Procurement Policy

OLTP: OnLine Transaction Processing

OMB: Office of Management and Budget

OOP: Out Of Production

OPC: OLE for Process Control

OPT: Optimized Production Technology

OSHA: Occupational Safety and Health Administration 

OTC: On-Time delivery to Commit date

OTCR: On-Time delivery performance to Customer Request Date

PA: Power Amplifier

PAC: Production Activity Control

PBT: Persistent, Bioaccumulative and Toxic

PDM: Product Data Management

PI: Principal Investigator

PID: Problem Identification Document

PIM: Product Information Management

PIP: Partner Integration Process

PLM: Product Lifecycle Management

POM: Production/Operations Management

POS: Point of Sale

PP&E: Property, Plant & Equipment

PR: Process Reengineering

PRONet: Procurement Marketing and Access Network

PRT: Prerequisite Tree

PTAC: Procurement Technical Assistance Center

PTO: Patent and Trademark Office

QA: Quality Assurance

QB: Quality Breakdown

QC: Quality Control

QFP: Quad Flat Package

QRM: Quick Response Manufacturing

RAP: Revenue Acquisition Process

R&D: Research and Development

RDF: Resource Description Framework

RDT&E: Research, Development, Testing & Evaluation

RMA: Return Material (or Merchandise) Authorization

ROI: Return On Investment

ROIC: Return On Invested Capital

RONA: Return On Net Assets

ROP: Reorder Point

RPM: Rapid Response Manufacturing

RSC: Retail Service Center

RTD: Research and Technical Development

RTM: Read The Manual

SCC: Supply Chain Council

SCM: Supply Chain Management

SCOR: Supply Chain Operations Reference

SCR: Synchronized Customer Response

SDWT: Self-Directed Work Teams

SEC: Securities and Exchange Commission

SFA: Sales Force Automation

SG&A: Selling, General and Administrative Expenses

SIG: Special Interest Group

SIV: Signal Integrity Verification

SKU: Stock Keeping Units

SLICE: Simple Low-Cost Innovative Engine

SMART: Self-Monitoring Analysis and Reporting Technology

SME: Society of Manufacturing Engineers

S&OP: Sales and Operations Planning

SOP: Standard Operating Procedure

SOP: System On a Package

SOW: Statement of Work

SPC: Statistical Process Control

SPM: Standard Process Modules

SPS: Standard Procurement System

SRM: Standard Reference Material

STARS: Standard Accounting and Reporting System

STEP: Standard for the Exchange of Product model data

SWIFT: Simulated Work Input and Flow Time

SWOT: Strengths, Weakness, Opportunity and Threats Analysis

TACT: Total Average Cycle Time

TCM: Time Critical Manufacturing

TCM: Transportation Control Measures

TDC: Total Delivered Cost

TDM: Team Data Manager

TEWE: Technology for Enterprise-Wide Engineering

TIG: Technology Implementation Group

TIM: Test Inspection Measurement

TLA: Three Letter Acronym

T&M: Tools and Methodology

TOPS: Team Oriented Problem Solving

TPA: Technology and Product Assurance

TPI: Total Profit Improvement

TPM: Total Productive Maintenance

TPOP: Time-Phased Order Point

TQC: Total Quality Control

TQM: Total Quality Management

T/R: Transmit/Receive

TRI: Toxic Release Inventory

TRT: Transition Tree

TSCA: Toxic Substances Control Act

TVA: Throughput Value Added

TW: Tin Whiskers

TWG: Technology Working Group

UC: Unit Cost

USITC: United States International Trade Commission

VAD: Value Added Distribution

VAR: Value-Added Reseller

VE: Value Engineering

VFIIP: Virtual Factory Information Interchange Project

VMI: Vendor Managed Inventory

VPDM: Virtual Product Data Management

VPM: Virtual Product Model

VRML: Virtual Reality Modeling Language

WARN: Workers' Adjustment and Retraining Notification Act

WBS: Work Breakdown Structure

WCM: World Class Manufacturing

WIMP: Woefully Inept Manufacturing Process

WIP: Work in Progress

WMS: Warehouse Management System

WTO: World Trade Organization

This was last updated in April 2012

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